The most important doctrine Christians must be grounded in and sure about is the doctrine of Jesus. Many people believe in Jesus and know that there was a Jesus who lived and walked on this earth. However, the question is, “WHAT do you believe about Jesus?” Many false religions and cults today teach erroneous doctrine about the person of Jesus. They do not accept what the Scriptures teach about Him.
- Some teach that he is not God.
- Some say that He is not God in the flesh.
- Some say that He was not born of a virgin.
- Some say that He was not a man.
We must be grounded and established in our beliefs about Jesus. Our salvation depends on it.
Jesus was 100% human and 100% divine in nature. However, in order to die, He had to become a man. He voluntarily came to earth without His godly powers. He emptied Himself of those powers and laid them aside. The miracles He performed occurred as a result of Him being empowered and anointed by the Holy Spirit. Likewise, Jesus tells us to do His works (John 14:12) under the same anointing and power He had, the Holy Spirit (Acts 1:8).
1. Who led Jesus? (Luke 4:1) _______________________________________________
2. When Jesus returned to Galilee, He returned in whose power? (Luke 4:14)
3. Jesus said that He was anointed to preach the gospel, to heal, to deliver, and set
people free. Where did He get this anointed power from? (Luke 4:18)
Is Jesus God?
1. Jesus is called THE WORD in John 1:1-2.
A. Was Jesus with God in the beginning? ___________________________________
B. Can we conclude from this passage that Jesus Himself was God? ______________
2. Based on Jesus’ words in John 17:5, did Jesus ever have the same glory that the
Did Jesus exist before the world was created? ______________________________
3. What does Philippians 2:5-6 say about Jesus before He came to earth? __________
Who was He equal to? _____________________________________________
4. What does John 1:3 tell us about Jesus?
- He was Redeemer.
- He was Creator.
- He was the Son of God.
5. In Christ dwells all the fullness of whom? (Col. 2:9) ________________________
6. What is the meaning of Jesus’ name Emmanuel? (Matt. 1:21, 23) ________________
7. How was Jesus able to come from His eternal state in Heaven where we would be
able to see Him and know Him? (John 1:14)
8. Who was manifested in the flesh? (1 Timothy 3:16) ___________________________
These scripture references leave no doubt that Jesus is One of the Godhead.
9. In John 14:9, Jesus said, “…he that hath seen me ________ ________ ________
Jesus’ Incarnation (God in the Flesh)
We have seen that Jesus Christ was and is God and that He existed before the world was created.
10. Centuries before the birth of Christ, what “sign” did the prophet say God would
give by which the Savior of the world could be positively identified? (Isaiah 7:14)
Where was it prophesied that he would be born? (Micah 5:2) __________________
It was necessary that Jesus be born of a virgin because, if he had been conceived by a man, he would have had sinful blood in him (the father determines the bloodline of a child). God had to do it this way so that His son Jesus would come here without man’s sinful blood. Sin is in man’s bloodstream.
11. Then how was Jesus conceived? (Matthew 1:20) ____________________________
How would He be a sinless perfect substitute? (Luke 1:35) ____________________
How does Genesis 3:15 reveal Jesus’ virgin birth? ___________________________
12. List phrases in the following verses that indicate that Jesus became a man like us.
A. Hebrews 2:14 ______________________________________________________
B. Hebrews 2:16 ______________________________________________________
C. Hebrews 2:17 ______________________________________________________
D. Philippians 2:7 _____________________________________________________
Jesus Became a Man
In order to pay man’s penalty, God had to become a man. He could not walk this earth as God because we could not be as God. So He became a man like us to be an example to us and to show us how to live this life. He was truly God, but He voluntarily left His divine godly attributes to become a man. When Jesus walked the earth those 33.5 years, He walked as a man subject to temptations as we are.
13. Why was Jesus manifested in the flesh? (1 John 3:5) _________________________
Jesus was a descendant of the following people: (fill in the blanks)
A. Galatians 3:16, 29 ___________________________________________________
B. Romans 1:3 _______________________________________________________
C. Which tribe of Israel was He from? ____________________________________
In how many points (or areas) was Jesus tempted? (Hebrews 4:15) Circle one.
1. 2 or 3 points.
2. A few points.
3. In all points.
14. Did Jesus ever sin? (Hebrews 4:15) ______________________________________
15. What was Jesus’ supreme purpose in coming to earth? (Philippians 2:8)
16. Why was Jesus made a little lower than the angels? (Hebrews 2:9)
17. How should the Son (Jesus) be honored? (John 5:23)________________________
What happens when we don’t honor the Son? ____________________________
18. What does one have to believe and confess in order to be of God? (1 John 4:2)
19. To not confess this means what? (1 John 4:3)
20. The following scriptures give us human characteristics of Jesus. As a man,
A. Matthew 21:18 ____________________________________________________
B. John 19:28 _______________________________________________________
C. John 4:6 _________________________________________________________
D. Matthew 8:24 _____________________________________________________
E. Hebrews 4:15 _____________________________________________________
F. John 11:35 ________________________________________________________
How do we explain His human limitations with the fact that He was God? Explain.
He could have used His divine attributes at any time if He wanted to, but He never did so because it would have affected His test and trial as a man. He never used these powers for His own relief. Satan tried to tempt Jesus to use His power so he could accuse Him of operating as God and not as a man, which would have disqualified Him from dying on our behalf and being man’s substitute. It was man who sinned. Therefore, it would require a man, not God or an angel, to die for sin.
21. How did Satan try to tempt Jesus to use His godly power? (Matthew 4:1-3)
The Two Natures of Jesus Christ
22. HE BECAME THE GOD-MAN
A. Jesus Christ had a divine nature and took upon Himself a human nature. Christ
was not God and man, but He became the GOD-MAN. THE WORD BECAME A
B. We become partakers of His Divine nature when we accept Him. We have a
human nature. At the time of our new birth, there is added a divine nature.
23. HIS HUMANITY
A. What did Jesus say He had that we as humans have? (Matthew 26:12)
B. What did Jesus say that was exceeding sorrowful? (Matthew 26:38)
C. What did Jesus command to the Father when He died? (Luke 23:46)
D. Does man have the same three components as Jesus? (1 Thessalonians 5:23)
24. JESUS WAS WITHOUT SIN
A. After Jesus had been tempted in all points as we are, what were the results?
B. God made Jesus a sinner to represent us and to be a substitute for our sins.
FINISH this scripture in 2 Corinthians 5:21: “For he hath made him to be sin
____________ ____________ __________ ____________ __________ sin.”
What Jesus’ Death Means to Us?
25. Whose sins (iniquities) caused Jesus’ suffering and death? (Isaiah 53:6)
26. The word “righteousness” refers to right standing with God. Because man could
never be right with God in himself, how are we able to receive God’s righteousness
(Romans 3:22; Romans 4:5)
27. How are man and God reconciled (brought back together)? (Romans 5:10)
Are we saved by our own lives? _________________________________________
According to John 10:17-18, was Jesus’ life taken by the Roman soldiers, or did He
give His life?
Jesus Rose from the Dead
28. What demonstrated that Christ was the Son of God with power? (Romans 1:4)
29. Why is Christ’s resurrection from the dead so important to us as believers?
(1 Corinthians 15:17)
Men have worshipped many gods. However, we believe that Jesus is God because He is the only one who ever made the claim that He had defeated death by rising from the grave.
30. Because Jesus had defeated death by rising from the grave, what will happen to
those who die who believe in Him? (John 11:25)
31. When the woman came to the tomb to find Jesus, where did the angel say
He was? (Matthew 28:5-6)
32. Jesus told his disciples to wait for the promise of the third Person of the Godhead
Trinity (the Holy Ghost). After speaking these things to them, how did He leave
them? (Acts 1:9)
Where is Jesus Today? What Is He Doing?
33. Where did Jesus go when He left the earth? (Mark 16:19)
34. Intercession involves praying for others. What is Jesus doing for us today?
(What is His ministry for us today?) (Hebrews 7:25-26)
35. Seeing that we have such a High Priest who is ever praying for us, how should we
come to God’s throne? (Hebrews 4:14-16)
Jesus is Coming Back Again
36. Why did Jesus say He was returning to Heaven? (John 14:2) _________________
37. What promise did He make? (John 14:3)_____________________________________
38. Where can we expect to see Jesus coming from? (Matthew 24:30; Acts 1:11)
39. Who will come with the Lord when He returns? (Matthew 16:27)
40. What day or hour will the Lord come back? Who knows? (Matthew 24:36)
God the Son, the Lord Jesus Christ, was co-eternal with God the Father and the Holy Spirit. Christ was with the Father in eternity past (Genesis 1:1). John declared the same thing: “In the beginning was the Word (Jesus), and the Word (Jesus) was with God, and the Word (Jesus) was God. The same was in the beginning with God” (John 1:1-2).
In eternity past, the omniscient (all-knowing) God, in His foreknowledge, knew that man would sin and require a plan of redemption (the price required to be paid for sin).
As the spotless, sinless Savior, He was to come as “the Lamb slain before the foundation of the world” (Revelation 13:8). God the Son knew the consequences of man’s sin and willingly came to earth in the form of humanity to pay that price (Philippians 2:6-8).
The church, which is His body of redeemed souls, was “chosen in Him before the foundation of the world” (Ephesians 1:4).
The nucleus of this lesson, simply stated, is that Jesus was in the beginning. The prophets saw One who was to come. As the time approached, the vision became so clear until it would have been possible to describe Christ’s life from the Old Testament. Jesus said of the Old Testament, “They testified of me.” He was revealed throughout the Old Testament. He came into the world exactly as the Scriptures had said. He lived, died, and was resurrected from the grave to ascend back into glory.
Please stand and make the following confession of who Christ is:
I believe that Jesus is God, the son of God. He was God in the flesh when He walked the earth. I believe He was born of a virgin. Conceived by the Holy Ghost, He became man like us so that He could destroy the works of the devil. Although He was tempted in all points as we are, He never sinned. I believe He died on the cross, and God raised Him from the dead. I believe He was the sinless substitute for the sins of mankind. I believe that after He rose from the dead, He ascended back to the right hand side of the Father in physical form. I believe He is there interceding for me as my great High Priest. I believe He is coming back again after having prepared a place for me. He shall return the way He left to receive those saints who have died in the Lord and those who are alive, that we may be with Him forever.